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High school students with disabilities who drop out are costly to society. Compared to those who graduate, they are more likely to be unemployed, dependent on public services, and involved in the criminal justice system. Consequently, helping students with disabilities graduate has become a prominent national concern. Students with disabilities drop out at higher rates than their nondisabled peers and experience more obstacles to reentry. Education providers throughout the country have...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High School Students, Dropouts, Disabilities, Reentry Students, Intervention, At Risk...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Jan 27, 2017 ERIC
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In this article the author expresses her views concerning the pre- and post-Hurricane Katrina public educational trend in New Orleans. She observes that the segregation that existed before Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, due in part to migration to the suburbs and in part to the proliferation of private and parochial schools, has divided students along lines of race, gender, class, and religion. Now that most schools in New Orleans have been obliterated, the author has fears about the future...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Public Education, Charter Schools, Educational Objectives, Natural Disasters,...
The United States' participation in World War II affected millions of men, women, and children, both at home and around the world. The war effort also affected the Future Farmers of America (FFA). FFA members, agriculture teachers, and national FFA officers all volunteered to serve their country during the war. Local FFA chapters and individual FFA members joined with other citizens to support the war effort. The national convention of the FFA and local FFA chapter operations were affected...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Agricultural Occupations, Occupational Aspiration, Organizations (Groups), War, Time...
The interrelated nature of gender and racial constructs in the culture of the southern United States accounts for much of the historical prejudice against coeducation in the region's institutions of higher education. This essay offers a historical perspective on gender discrimination on the campuses of Southern universities from the attempts to bar women from the state flagship institutions in the 1890s to the efforts to exclude them from the public military colleges in Virginia and South...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Educational History, Coeducation, Campuses, Females, College...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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Ryan Kelty, Meredith Kleykamp, and David Segal examine the effect of military service on the transition to adulthood. They highlight changes since World War II in the role of the military in the lives of young adults, focusing especially on how the move from a conscription to an all-volunteer military has changed the way military service affects youths' approach to adult responsibilities. The authors note that today's all-volunteer military is both career-oriented and family-oriented, and they...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Military Service, Social Class, Females, Military Personnel, Social Characteristics,...
States across the country have always established their own academic standards, curricula, and achievement goals. What students are expected to know and be able to do often differs from state to state. Additionally, states with low standards may leave students unprepared for higher standards in other states. This inconsistency creates problems for children from military families, who must move and change schools frequently as their parents are reassigned. This brief report explains how moving...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Military Personnel, Student Mobility, Common Core State Standards, Educational...
In 2011, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) created the Forward Promise initiative within its Vulnerable Populations Portfolio to place a strategic emphasis on the needs of middle school- and high school-aged young men of color. RWJF's goal is to strengthen educational opportunities, pathways to employment, and health outcomes for these young men. All young people require support on the road to becoming healthy and productive adults, and a young man's path to growing up is likely to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Opportunities, Adolescents, Employment, Males, Masculinity, Minority...
This document contains a classified and annotated list of current educational publications received by the library of the Office of Education for the period of July to September, 1929, inclusive. Books, pamphlets, and periodicals mentioned may ordinarily be obtained from their respective publishers either directly or through a dealer, or in the case of an association publication, from the secretary of the issuing organization. Publications on the following topics are included: (1) Educational...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Annotated Bibliographies, Individual Differences, Preschool...
In 2011, CalVet and the California Commission on the Status of Women (the Commission) requested the California Research Bureau (CRB) conduct a second iteration of its 2009 survey of women veterans; identifying their needs, surveying their service utilization and gathering information on their demographics. This report provides the findings of the 2011 Survey. This report is organized into five chapters. In chapter one, the authors discuss the current state of research about women veterans by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Females, Participant Characteristics, Veterans, Individual Needs, Comparative...
Women have historically served as members of the armed forces and today the numbers of women are increasing and their roles are expanding. Increasingly women are experiencing combat related mental health concerns as well as issues unique to serving within a military culture. Licensed Professional Counselors (LPCs) will be eligible for jobs as mental health providers for military service personnel. Counselor education programs will need to be proactive in preparing mental health providers for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Veterans, Females, Military Personnel, Mental Health, Counselor Training, Sexual...
In the Rio Grande Valley of south Texas, the Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District has achieved a startling success over the last two years: it has recovered and graduated over 600 dropouts and put them on a clear pathway to college. Just a few years ago, low graduation rates, struggling high schools, and poor staff and student morale characterized this predominantly Hispanic and low-income tri-city community. Since then, the dropout rate has plummeted and the graduation rate is...
Topics: ERIC Archive, High Schools, Graduation Rate, Dropout Rate, School Districts, Out of School Youth,...
Several unearned benefits attending straight privilege are listed, prefaced by two main arguments. First, it is argued that the rampant heterosexism in the U.S. is largely attributable to many Americans' framing of heterosexism as a matter of religious freedom rather than as a form of bigotry. It is further argued that educators' elimination of the struggles and accomplishments of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people from P-12 curricula is an act of oppression--a clear,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Sexual Orientation, Sexual Identity, Homosexuality, Social Bias, Social...
One literature documents a significant, black-white gap in average test scores, while another finds a substantial narrowing of the gap during the 1980's, and stagnation in convergence after. We use two data sources--the Long Term Trends NAEP and AFQT scores for the universe of applicants to the U.S. military between 1976 and 1991--to show: (1) the 1980's convergence is due to relative improvements across successive cohorts of blacks born between 1963 and the early 1970's and not a secular...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cohort Analysis, Achievement Gap, Racial Differences, Hospitals, Health Services,...
(Purpose) The purpose of this study was to explore reasons why many academics "hate" their jobs by examining the current state of the academy--its values, culture, and possibilities. (Methodology) Through pragmatic and philosophical argument, the authors contend that the academy fosters a pedagogy (defined broadly) of disengagement, and ask: Why might this pervasive institutional phenomenon exist? What could be done to transform the professorate? What possibilities for edification...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Faculty, Work Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Ethics, Quality...
This report outlines a series of findings and recommendations that illustrate both educational and economic implications for the state and its local communities. The Superintendent's Panel on Excellence in Adult Education recommends a 95% increase in the state's support of adult education and a 70% increase in local support. There are significant challenges that necessitate such a substantial increase in investment. Maryland consistently ranks in the top two nationally for the number of adults...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Out of School Youth, Adult Literacy, Literacy Education, State Aid,...
The exhibition, "Cherished Possessions: A New England Legacy," consists of approximately 200 objects drawn from the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities collection of fine and decorative arts. Each item in the exhibition has been selected for its ability to tell a story and to place the history of that item within the larger history of the region and the nation. This educator's resource guide is designed to help teachers make the most of a visit to the exhibition....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Education, Design Crafts, Elementary Secondary Education, Exhibits, Fine Arts,...
This report is the result of the first investigation by an independent body of a problem that has plagued the U.S. Air Force Academy for at least a decade, and possibly since the admission of women in 1976. At the direction of Congress, the Secretary of Defense appointed seven U.S. citizens with expertise in the military academies, behavioral and psychological sciences, and standards and practices related to proper treatment of sexual assault victims. It is clear from the review of nearly a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Higher Education, Military Schools, Military Training, Sex...
People with alcohol or other drug disease face public and private policies that restrict their access to appropriate health care, employment, and public benefits, discouraging them from seeking treatment, robbing them of hope for recovery, and costing society millions of dollars. Join Together, a project of Boston University School of Public Health, formed a national policy panel in the spring of 2002 to address this discrimination. The panelists developed the two principles and ten...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alcoholism, Drug Addiction, Employment, Health Needs, Health Programs, Policy...
At one time, higher education was seen as a public good that brought value to society, but today it is perceived as a personal investment in which the public has limited interest. This essay makes the point that while many people tout the benefits of education in dollar terms, it is imperative that the more important benefits be recognized, the improvements in social opportunities, civic participation, and economic and educational potential for youth. Education should not be perceived only as a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economic Factors, Higher Education, Relevance (Education), Role of Education, Social...
This paper discusses the history of discrimination in the United States and the length of time it took to abolish the legal support of racism. The paper then discusses the problems of diversity in the United States. Acknowledging and accepting U.S. diversity in terms of race, ethnicity, gender, religious background, and national origin would enable the United States to treasure the concept of cultural pluralism. The paper asserts that racism is the main obstacle to peace and tranquility, one...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Awareness, Curriculum Development, Diversity, Elementary Secondary...
This paper discusses the discrimination against individuals with psychiatric disabilities in educational institutions and how the transition from discrimination to acceptance is occurring. It examines the characteristics of those who return to educational institutions, why they return, and the specific needs of individuals with psychiatric disabilities. The paper explores some of the myths and realities about people with mental illness and discusses how adult educators can assist and support...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Adult Education, Adults, Educational Strategies, Institutional...
One of the strongest sources of anti-gay discriminatory rhetoric comes from various religious traditions. In spite of such animosity, gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) people continue to claim their place at the table and a number of religious leaders with same-sex sexual orientation continue to work within their religious denominations. The present study utilized quantitative and qualitative methods to gather information on this unique sample of GLB population: GLB clergy. In particular, the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitude Measures, Bisexuality, Clergy, Homophobia, Homosexuality, Religious Cultural...
Research on the attitudes of heterosexual churchgoers is extensive. However, very little empirical information is available about the attitudes held by gay and lesbian Christians. In the current study, it was hypothesized that gay and lesbian Christians, unlike their heterosexual peers, would demonstrate desire for and acceptance of social closeness with other gay and lesbian people, whether or not the person was sexually active, and would desire social distance from homophobic persons and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitude Measures, Beliefs, Christianity, Homophobia, Homosexuality, Interpersonal...
Of the 108 million women age 16 or over who were part of the 1999 civilian noninstitutional U.S. population, 65 million (about 60%) were either employed or actively looking for work. In 1999, black, white, and Hispanic women participated in the labor force at rates of 63.5%, 59.6%, and 55.9%, respectively. According to projections, women will constitute 48% of the labor force in 2008. Rates of women's labor force participation by educational levels in 1999 were as follows: less than a high...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Age Differences, Career Choice, Career Education, College Graduates,...
Both film and ancient religious writing have much in common, especially in regard to their ability to convey powerful messages to modern audiences. A study analyzed the timeless meta-narratives in the ancient Hindu poem, the "Bhagavad Gita," and in the 1998 American film, "The Thin Red Line." It used the methodology of narrative criticism to make a cross-cultural contribution to philosophical and rhetorical studies that focus on the construction of evil and other...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, Film Criticism, Films, Literary Criticism, Mass Media Role,...
On October 7-8, 1996, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund joined with the World Bank to host a gathering of foundation executives, leaders of major humanitarian and environmental nongovernmental organizations, and officers of large multilateral institutions. The meeting was entitled "Building a Constituency for Global Interdependence," and its agenda reflected a sense of shared concern about the apparent waning of public and political support for the policies, programs, and agencies of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Economic Development, Foreign Countries, Global Approach, International Cooperation,...
This document contains three papers from a symposium on increasing job satisfaction that was conducted as part of a conference on human resource development (HRD). "A Systematic Model of Job Design by Examining the Organizational Factors Affecting Satisfaction" (Zhichao Cheng, Danyang Yang, Fenglou Liu) reports on a project in which multiple stepwise regression analysis and factor analysis were used to identify the main organizational variables affecting Chinese satisfaction in work...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrators, Attitude Change, Career Choice, Career Planning, Comparative...
This document contains three papers from a symposium on emotion and behavior in the workplace that was conducted as part of a conference on human resource development (HRD). "Emotion Work, and Perceptions of Affective Culture in a Military Nonprofit Organization" (Jamie L. Callahan, David R. Schwandt) reports on a study of the emotion work conducted by men and women in a nonprofit organization which found that women were significantly more likely than men to say that the culture of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adjustment (to Environment), Adult Education, Adult Learning, Affective Behavior,...
This teaching packet serves as a unit by itself or as part of preparation unit for a visit to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery to see the exhibition "Puja: Expressions of Hindu Devotion." Focusing on Hindu religious objects found in an art museum, the packet suggests connections between art and world studies themes. In addition, these highly symbolic objects provide much material for discussion of the creation of images, whether in two or three dimensions, in speech, or in music. In this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Context, Foreign Countries, Global Education, Hinduism, Indians, Middle...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Jan 1, 2016 ERIC
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This paper introduces topics about the American West to teachers and students of U.S. history and suggests that interested students can pursue the topics at greater length. The report is based on information from the novelist, Tony Hillerman, who states in "The Best of the West" (1991) that there are many firsthand accounts and other texts of historical value and significance including diaries, news dispatches, travelogues, memoirs, letters, government reports, and stone inscriptions...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cultural Context, Geographic Regions, Higher Education, Primary Sources, Regional...
This report discusses the University of Michigan's Monitoring the Future Project in relation to trends in military propensity and the relationship between propensity and enlistment. The findings show that the military propensities of most young people are firmly formed by the end of high school, especially among men. Substantial majorities of these young men expecting "definitely" to serve actually do so, usually enlisting within the first year or two after graduation. Young women are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Enlisted Personnel, High School Seniors, High Schools, Higher Education, Military...
Since 1993 and 1994, significant changes in legislation and policy allow women to fly combat aircraft, serve on combat ships, and serve in combat-related occupations. As was the case in the early 1990s, a large percentage of military women continue to work in the areas of health care, administration, personnel, and supply occupations. However, data suggest that military women, both enlisted and officers, are beginning to enter more nontraditional fields such as aviation, surface warfare, air...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Education, Adult Education, Careers, Employment Opportunities, Employment...
This booklet explains how service learning can be used to encourage out-of-school youth to return to an education program. The booklet begins with a discussion of the term "out-of-school youth" that includes the early warning signals indicating a potential for dropping out of school and circumstances and characteristics of potential school dropouts. After an exploration of the school-related, family-related, job-related, and other reasons why traditional school has failed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Adult Programs, Citizenship Education, Community Education,...
By understanding why children engage in name calling and responding thoughtfully to such events, parents and teachers can help both the name caller and the victim to grow in their abilities to understand themselves and others. In their own social interactions, children mirror the negative evaluations they have observed. Left unchecked, such beliefs and attitudes can become the foundation of life-long prejudices. Name calling doesn't have to be part of childhood. Children can learn that words do...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Antisocial Behavior, Children, Elementary Education, Interpersonal Relationship,...
The relationship between servicemembers' participation in the U.S. Armed Forces' off-duty voluntary higher education programs and retention of enlisted personnel in military service was examined through a review of existing and new data. The primary data source was a 1992 Department of Defense-sponsored survey of a stratified sample of approximately 32,000 active duty servicemembers and 8,000 military spouses. The survey data were subjected to univariate and multivariate analyses. Additional...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attitudes, Higher Education, Labor Turnover,...
Several groups have examined gender-related issues affecting initial entry into training in the Department of Defense. The studies that have gotten the most attention are the Army's Senior Review Panel's report on sexual harassment, the report of the Federal Advisory Commission on Gender-Integrated Training and Related Issues, and the report of the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services. Because the groups produced somewhat different results, this study was conducted to: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Armed Forces, Data Collection, Females, Focus Groups, Gender Issues, Military...
The Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Teachers' Network presents suggestions for teachers for eliminating homophobia in schools. The following suggestions are intended as starting points as teachers begin to think about the issue of homophobia in school: (1) guarantee equality; (2) create a safe environment; (3) provide role models; (4) provide support for students; (5) provide training for faculty and staff; (6) reassess the curriculum; (7) provide appropriate health care and education; (8) diversify...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitude Change, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal...
Educational practice is influenced, in part, by the constant visualization of gender stereotypes throughout society in various forms, in both the old and new technologies. The imagery of computer technology as male turf has been carried into the World Wide Web through graphic advertisements. Male administrators make decisions about school practice that influence the implementation of new distance education technologies. The pervasive message of gender stereotypes has a tremendous influence on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Access to Information, Administrators, Computers, Culture, Distance Education,...
This paper examines the historical silence of women and how that is replicated in the schools. The work focuses on the narratives of 31 college-aged women as they reflect on the experiences of their middle school years. This qualitative analysis of recollected narratives of girlhood is based on listening to the powerful voices of young women in college, and traces, within a limited scope, their hesitant construction of themselves and their way of being in the world within the limited linguistic...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Advocacy, Consciousness Raising, Empowerment, Females, Feminism, Individual Power,...
A study was conducted to determine whether employees' attitudes toward money (money ethic endorsement) moderates the relationships between intrinsic job satisfaction on the one hand and thoughts of withdrawal and voluntary turnover on the other. Data were collected from workers in the Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation in a southeastern state in the United States. At the beginning of the study, 155 workers were surveyed, with a 56 percent return rate. Eighteen months later, 82...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adults, Employee Attitudes, Job Satisfaction, Labor Turnover, Mental Health Workers,...
British parents of children with severe/multiple learning disabilities were surveyed to determine the parents' wishes, needs, and satisfaction with the child's school placement. Eighty parents responded (a 53 percent response rate) to a mailed questionnaire. At present, the majority of children described as having severe learning difficulties are educated in special schools where they are increasingly integrated with less severely disabled children. Responses to questions concerning what...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Mental Retardation, Parent Attitudes,...
The U.S. celebration of Halloween has worldwide connections. Although Halloween originated in the pre-Christian European celebration of summer's end, many of the customs associated with the event derive from both pagan and Christian beliefs and practices throughout the world. This document gives a historic overview of Halloween customs and traditions. Suggestions are given for interdisciplinary classroom activities and discussions appropriate to middle school students. Contains 14 references....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Art Activities, Cultural Activities, Folk Culture, Holidays, Interdisciplinary...
This study on integrating women in the navy analyzed approximately 400 surveys collected by the U.S. Navy Steering Group relevant to Women in Non-Traditional Work Roles, results of a focus group, and a review of the literature. Surveys were sent to various U.S. Navy facilities where female employee responses were solicited and documented. The study analyzed problems reported by these women in their work environments, their coping strategies, and their recommendations for improving their work...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitudes, Females, Higher Education, Interpersonal Competence, Labor Conditions,...
This book examines recent trends in the areas of jobs, income, and work. Among the trends discussed are the following: upward redistribution of wealth; persistent impoverishment; less disposable income; lower wages and higher education; union-free labor and increasing numbers of "disposable" workers; competition for global corporations and free trading on cheap labor; rising U.S. unemployment; deceptive methods of measuring unemployment and underemployment; "technological...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Competition, Dislocated Workers, Education Work Relationship, Employer Employee...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Dec 7, 2015 ERIC
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PREVENTION AS FUNCTION, VALUE ISSUE, CONCEPTUAL SHORTCOMING, AND PRACTICE IS DISCUSSED AND RELATED TO EDUCATIONAL TASK. PREVENTION AS FUNCTION IS GENERATED BY OUR VALUE PREMISES. IN SEEKING TO PREVENT SOME FORMS OF SOCIAL DYSFUNCTION, WE MAY BE PERPETUATING OTHERS. THE CONCEPT OF PREVENTION IS AMBIGUOUS. CRUCIAL CONCEPTUAL ISSUES INCLUDE THE APPLICABILITY OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH MODEL, THE QUESTION OF SOCIAL PROBLEM CAUSATION, THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL METHOD, AND QUESTIONS OF APPROPRIATE TARGETS FOR...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Philosophy, Prevention, Professional Training, Social Values, Social...
THIS WORKBOOK IS PLANNED TO HELP SERVICEMEN READ "MEN IN THE ARMED FORCES," AND TO DEVELOP THEIR READING ABILITY. BOOK I CONTAINS 111 LESSONS WHICH COVER 142 PAGES OF THE READER. BOOK II, IN 100 LESSONS, COVERS PAGES 144-252 OF THE READER. SIMPLE INSTRUCTIONS ARE GIVEN BUT MUST BE EXPLAINED BY THE INSTRUCTOR. (SM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Enlisted Personnel, Instructional Materials, Literacy Education, Military Training,...
THIS DOCUMENT PROVIDES READING MATERIAL AT A LOW LEVEL OF READING ABILITY BUT ON SUBJECTS OF INTEREST TO A SERVICEMAN, SUCH AS ARMY LIFE, THE HOME FOLKS, AND A TRIP TO WASHINGTON. EXERCISES BASED ON EVERY FEW PAGES OF THIS READER ARE PROVIDED IN "SERVICEMEN LEARN TO READ." (SM)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Enlisted Personnel, Instructional Materials, Literacy Education, Military Training,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
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THE "COLLEGE EXPERIENCE" OF 15 NEGRO MEN MATRICULATING AT HARVARD DURING 1963-64 WAS REPORTED. THE RESEARCHER INTERVIEWED THE MEN, ELICITING EXPRESSIONS OF WHAT IT MEANT, SOCIALLY AND PSYCHOLOGICALLY, TO BE A NEGRO AT AN IVY LEAGUE COLLEGE. INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN SUCH AREAS AS FAMILY BACKGROUND, SELF-CONCEPT, REFERENCE GROUPS, ASPIRATIONS, AND PERSONALITY WERE FOUND TO YIELD DIFFERING WAYS OF ORIENTATION IN THE CULTURE OF HARVARD COLLEGE. THIS ARTICLE IS A REPRINT FROM THE...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Stereotypes, Black Students, College Desegregation, Personality Assessment,...
JOB SATISFACTION AND JOB DISSATISFACTION FACTORS FOUND IN THE WORK SITUATIONS OF TEACHERS WERE INVESTIGATED. TWO QUESTIONS WERE PROPOSED FOR INVESTIGATION--(1) IS THERE A SET OF FACTORS WHICH TENDS TO SATISFY TEACHERS AND ANOTHER SET OF FACTORS WHICH TENDS TO DISSATISFY TEACHERS, OR, ARE THE FACTORS ARRANGED ON A CONCEPTUAL CONTINUUM WITH EACH BEING A POTENTIAL SATISFIER AND DISSATISFIER, AND (2) WILL THE DISTRIBUTION OF FACTORS VARY FOR SUBGROUPS OF TEACHERS. THE FINDINGS OF THIS STUDY...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employment, Factor Analysis, Interviews, Teachers, Work Attitudes, Work Experience,...
The organization, operations, participants, and achievements of the Neighborhood Youth Corps are described. Tables, graphs, and photographs also provide information on this program. (NH)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Dropout Prevention, Dropout Programs, Employment Opportunities, Federal Programs, Job...
Conference papers examining recent trends affecting the development of urban life in America are presented. "How People Look at Cities Where They Live and Work," by Anselm L. Strauss, presents sample work and life styles and their effects on perceptions of cities. "Los Angeles as a Changing Community," by Fred E. Chase, discusses problems and characteristics of Los Angeles. "Los Angeles: the Enigma, the Paradox, the Challenge," by Peter A. Orleans, compares the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Conference Reports, Disadvantaged, Employment, Job Applicants, Perception, Social...
In order to discover the attitudes, wants, and needs of rural youth as perceived by young people from ages 16-23, a survey was designed by Elmo Roper and Associates. The rural population was defined as people who live in towns of less than 2500 or open country which falls outside the "unknown fringe" defined by the Bureau of the Census. In addition to the rural youth sample, interviews were also conducted with a sample group of urban youth so that the attitudes, needs, and wants of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Questionnaires, Research Methodology, Research Projects, Rural Youth, Self Concept,...
THIS ARTICLE DISCUSSES THE APPARENTLY UNBREACHABLE SOCIOECONOMIC GAP BETWEEN UPPER-MIDDLE-CLASS FAMILIES AND WELFARE FAMILIES WHO LIVE ON ONE BLOCK IN THE WEST SIDE OF MANHATTAN. IN THIS CONTEXT THE ARTICLE CHALLENGES THE MIDDLE-CLASS ORIENTATION OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED IN THE "PHI DELTA KAPPAN," VOLUME 45, NUMBER 2, NOVEMBER 1963. (LB)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Class Attitudes, Educational Change, Lower Class, Middle Class Parents, Middle Class...
IN THIS ARTICLE THE CHAIRMAN OF AN INNER-CITY ASSOCIATION OF PARENTS CRITICIZES THE DETROIT BOARD OF EDUCATION FOR FAILING TO EDUCATE INNER-CITY STUDENTS. HE MAINTAINS THAT COMPARISONS OF COUNTYWIDE SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT DATA AND THE RESULTS OF EXAMINATIONS FOR MILITARY SERVICE SHOW THAT INNER-CITY SCHOOLS DO NOT ADEQUATELY PREPARE STUDENTS FOR EITHER WORK OR COLLEGE ENTRANCE, AND THAT THE PREPONDERANCE OF WHITE TEACHERS AND ADMINISTRATORS REPRESENTS A PERPETUATION OF A DISCRIMINATORY SYSTEM TO...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Administrator Qualifications, Black Culture, Black History,...
THIS CONFERENCE REPORT CONTAINS A SUMMARY OF THE SURVEY MADE BY ELMO ROPER AND ASSOCIATES, "A STUDY OF THE PROBLEMS, ATTITUDES, AND ASPIRATIONS OF RURAL YOUTH," AS WELL AS THE MAJOR ADDRESSES FROM THE CONFERENCE. IT PROVIDES A SIGNIFICANT PORTION OF DISCUSSIONS ON PROBLEMS OF RURAL YOUTH INVOLVING URBAN ADJUSTMENT, OCCUPATIONAL TRAINING AND PREPARATION, VOCATIONAL COUNSELING, IMPROVED EDUCATION, POST HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION, SPECIAL EDUCATION, DROPOUTS, HEALTH, YOUTH SERVING AGENCIES,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Aspiration, Attitudes, Education, Educational Problems, Public Opinion, Rural Youth,...
The product of two summer institutes to prepare teachers and administrators for school integration, this report contains a resource manual on "Common Prejudices of Negroes and Whites." For full abstract of institute proceedings, see UD 009 479. For other resource manuals, see UD 009 481, UD 009 482, UD 009 483, and UD 009 484. (KG)
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Attitudes, Inservice Education, Resource Materials, School Desegregation,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Nov 28, 2015 ERIC
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The purpose of this paper, prepared for the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights, is to indicate the types and ranges of problems facing the Mexican American community and to suggest ways in which these problems are peculiar to Mexican Americans. Specific examples are cited to illustrate major problems and personal experiences. Topics covered in the report are (1) civil rights and the administration of justice, (2) education, (3) employment, (4) public policies and agencies for assisting the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acculturation, Civil Rights, Disadvantaged, Economically Disadvantaged, Educationally...
This report documents the activities of the University Committee for Women's Rights (UCWR) at Pittsburgh University over a 1-year period. The chapters cover UCWR's negotiations with the University, summarize the data compiled, and present proposals for improving the condition of women. Data on faculty include: men and women faculty in 8 selected departments by rank, new faculty appointments for 14 schools by rank, participation rates in the standing committees of the University Senate for 2...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrators, College Students, Employment Patterns, Faculty, Females, Higher...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Nov 25, 2015 ERIC
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This paper discusses discrimination against women in our society. Statements and sayings from all over the world which reflect historical discriminatory attitudes towards women are quoted and it is evident that such attitudes are still prevalent in contemporary times. Despite federal legislation and state laws banning sex discrimination, the need to improve women's relative position in the economy is still urgent. It is claimed that occupationally women are more disadvantaged today in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employed Women, Employment, Females, Feminism, Poverty, Social Bias, Social...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Nov 25, 2015 ERIC
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This report on the status of academic women is divided into 3 parts. Section 1 presents a review of 4 major research studies that collectively provide a comprehensive description of academic women. The studies are: "Academic Women," by Jesse Barnard, "The Woman Doctorate in America," by Helen Astin, "Women and the Doctorate," by Susan Mitchell, and "Women as College Teachers," by Jean Henderson. The specific criteria most frequently used by investigators...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employed Women, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Females, Higher...
This report contains comparative statistics for salary payments to men and women in the Arts and Sciences College of the University of Colorado in Boulder. There are overall discrepancies between salaries of men and women of comparable rank, with the size of the discrepancy increasing with rank. Ten percent of the associate professors are women, but only 5 percent of the full professors, indicating that women are "frozen" at the associate level. The argument that women's salaries are...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Faculty Promotion, Females, Higher Education, Promotion (Occupational), Salaries,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Nov 23, 2015 ERIC
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The purpose of this report is to point out some of the discriminatory policies and attitudes which "tend to make the Cornell environment a difficult place for young women to achieve the personal and intellectual maturity necessary for lifelong active participation in today's society." The report opens with an excerpt from a paper by a Junior describing her campus experiences, which include strong criticisms of student, faculty, and institutional attitudes toward women. The report then...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Admission (School), Females, Financial Support, Higher Education, Social Bias, Social...
Cause for alarm and need for remedial action is seen in the substantial and continuing increase in racial isolation in New York State schools. This cleavage which exists in other industrialized Northern states, border states and certain cities in the South is responsible for general social unrest as well as racial riots in the high schools. The findings of this report contend that racial isolation is harmful for the educational development of affected students. The school is described as a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Black Students, Desegregation Methods, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Development,...
Statistics for 33,902 of 1971 engineering graduates were used to describe job prospects of the graduates. Findings include: (1) engineering graduates were largely successful in finding jobs or carrying out other plans; (2) about one out of every five engineering graduates at the bachelor's and master's degree levels had plans to continue full-time study; (3) the number of bachelor's degree graduates entering military service increased in 1971 to 14 percent--the highest since 1958; (4) at all...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Science, Employment, Engineering, Engineering Education, Graduate Study,...
This report covers 5 regional seminars designed to increase the Veterans Administration understanding of Vietnam Era veterans. The process used was one of involvement and interaction of Veterans Administration officials with returning Vietnam Era veterans and other young people. After the traditional introductions and keynote remarks, there was a series of three consecutive panels: (1) veterans who had served in Vietnam; (2) young VA employees who had also served in Vietnam; and (3) the three...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adjustment (to Environment), Enlisted Personnel, Higher Education, Military...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Nov 4, 2015 ERIC
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This report reviews eleven departments, accounting for 90% of the faculty women, in the Yale College and Graduate School. The most significant finding is the absence of women from the faculty, significantly less than other prestigious institutions. Many departments have no women on the professorial ladder. Women are concentrated in the lower ranks--23% of the lecturers and 30% of the instructors, while only 4% of the laddered faculty. There is also a preponderance of women in research...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employment Patterns, Faculty, Feminism, Higher Education, Social Discrimination,...
Four areas were chosen for extensive examination after polling women faculty members--hiring, promotion, salary, and power position. When the expected number of women (taking into account possible labor force dropouts) and the actual number of women was compared to the expected and actual number of men, the difference favoring men was statistically significant at the .001 level. A questionnaire asking chairmen and deans if they approved, disapproved, or had reservations about hiring women,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employment Patterns, Faculty, Females, Higher Education, Social Bias, Social...
This study found the status of faculty women to be similar to that in other college studies: women are a small percentage of the faculty, are clustered in the lower ranks, are not tenured, are victims of nepotism rules, receive lower pay than men, and have less chance than men for promotion. The administration of the University is, like the faculty, dominated by men. While administrative departments are largely staffed by women, men head the departments. The women nonprofessional staff is made...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Affirmative Action, College Students, Employment Patterns, Faculty, Females,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Nov 3, 2015 ERIC
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The symposium: Women on Campus, 1970, held at Michigan University on October 14, 1970, centered on 3 major topics: "Toward a New Psychology of Women"; "The Case of the Woman Graduate Student"; and "The University and Women." The papers that were presented concerning the first topic included: "Internal Barriers to Achievement in Women--An Introduction," by Elizabeth Douvan; "Psychological and Psychosomatic Responses to Oral Contraceptive Use," by...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Aspiration, College Students, Females, Graduate Students, Higher Education,...
As part of a program to evaluate noncognitive tests for use in identifying enlisted men most likely to remain in the Navy, the Navy Vocational Interest Inventory (NVII) was analyzed for its ability to predict career motivation. The NVII was administered experimentally to incoming students at seven "A" schools varying widely in curriculum. Scores were obtained on two different types of scales, empirically derived occupational scales and homogeneous (area) scales. A reenlistment...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bibliographies, Enlisted Personnel, Interest Inventories, Military Personnel,...
This report focuses on the differences in work relations between teachers and teacher aides and between social workers and social service aides, using data obtained from in-depth interviews, classroom observations, and meetings at two Head Start centers. Center One, which is church sponsored, has two classrooms and 60 children, with two teachers, two teacher aides, a social worker operating out of central headquarters, and three locally based staff members (one family assistant and two family...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Nonprofessional Personnel, Paraprofessional School Personnel, Role Perception, Social...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Nov 3, 2015 ERIC
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This is the 5th article in a series of AAHE research reports, and summarizes research on the undergraduate woman. It discusses: (1) women as students: their test scores, grades, and academic motivation; (2) women's career aspirations, with research pointing out that high ability women show abundant aspiration when not faced with the instruction to be "realistic"; (3) the relationship between parent's socio-economic status (SES) and their aspirations for their children, with those from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Aspiration, College Students, Females, Higher Education,...
This annual report on the Age Discrimination in Employment Act describes activities conducted under the Act in 1969. The Act prohibits discrimination in any of the terms of employment against individuals between 40 and 65 years of age. Coverage is extended to employers of 25 or more persons in occupations for which age is not a bona fide qualification necessary to the conduct of business, and to employment agencies and labor organizations dealing with covered employers. Appendixes to the report...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Age, Age Discrimination, Employment Opportunities, Employment Practices, Equal...
Training is one of the many means that an organization may use to help its employees in their adaption to organizational change. F. Olsen Ltd. is a major Norwegian International Shipping organization. This study was concerned with the Olsen Berths based at Mill Docks in the Port of London. The major problems, as defined by senior management at that time, were as follows: (1) the supervisors were not prepared to work in different ways to suit the new methods of work; (2) the supervisors would...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Employer Employee Relationship, Organizational Change, Supervisory Training,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 28, 2015 ERIC
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Possible bias in selection procedures used for employment and college admissions is of great social and educational importance. However, there are many different definitions of what constitutes bias, with each definition based on different values and with different implications for how selection should be accomplished. A number of these definitions of bias and their implications are examined in this document, and a new model of fairness based on equal opportunity for potentially successful...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Admission (School), Civil Rights, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Higher Education, Sex...